Learn Acrylic Pouring and Fluid Painting
Discover the secrets and techniques of fluid art
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Collective term for art and art movements that have detached themselves from the demand for realistic representation. Instead of painting nature and real objects, abstract art tries to achieve emotions and effects through the more or less controlled use of colours, textures and forms.
A transparent sheet of flexible plastic which is often used for the Swipe technique. Here the acetate is used to spread one colour over another and thus achieve the formation of cells.
As the name suggests, the binder binds the dry pigments together. In the case of acrylic paints, for example, acrylic polymer is the most common binder.
A skin-friendly form of silicone oil found in many commercially available beauty products (e.g. hair oils and conditioners). Dimethicone is added to the colour to support increased cell formation.
Gesso is a white paint mixture consisting of a binding agent with gypsum, chalk, pigment or a combination of these binding agents. It is used as a base for paints and other materials to prepare various substrates such as wooden boards, canvases and sculptures. The substrate becomes fine and the adhesion of the paint is significantly improved.
Complementary colors are those colors that are located on the so-called color circle directly opposite each other. If these two colours are mixed together, they cancel each other out and a brownish tone is always produced.
Also known as thick liquid or viscosity. Here it refers to the thickness or thinness of a paint and thus also its flow behaviour.
Raw material for the production of paints. Both natural and synthetic products are ground and then mixed with a liquid binder.
The liquid casting medium can be mixed with any acrylic paint to produce smooth, uniform colour films without increasing the transparency of the colour.
For fluid painting this means synthetic resin or epoxy resin. The synthetic resin is either used for the resin art itself as a medium or finished acrylic pouring pictures are refined with it instead of the final varnish. Synthetic resin must always be mixed together with a hardener measured exactly. Resin impresses with its high clarity and extreme gloss. In addition, a refinement with resin increases colour saturation and brilliance.
The final varnish is the top layer of an image that protects it and ensures a uniform gloss effect. A good varnish preserves the picture and allows the colours to fully unfold.
Depending on the pouring technique, the colours mix too much and therefore no cells can develop. For this reason silicone oil or also hair oil is used, so that this mixing can be reduced. The oil is mixed into the colour in small additions and stirred only slightly.
A special paper which, in contrast to conventional papers, is not made of wood, but of synthetic materials. It is machine-made from 100% polypropylene and is therefore waterproof, dirt-repellent and extremely tear-resistant. Yupo paper, for example, is often used for the Alcohol Ink technique.
Every acrylic paint has a certain density, which results from its composition of pigment, binder and solvent. When the different layers of paint are applied, depending on the density of the underlying layer of paint, part of the paint is pushed upwards. In this way, the cells in your pictures are simplified and explained.
Where does the acrylic casting technology come from?
The trend of Acrylic Pouring comes from the USA, where this technique is becoming more and more popular. Also in Europe more and more artists and enthusiasts discover this simple way to produce abstract pictures themselves.
Which material do I need for Acrylic Pouring?
In our article “Material list for your start in Acrylic Pouring” we have listed a detailed compilation of all materials so that you can start with your first Pouring pictures as soon as possible.
This is a technique in which all the colours are layered alternately in the same cup or container and then poured onto the painting surface.
Similar to Dirty Pouring. Instead of being poured, the container with the paint is put on the painting surface and lifted up, so that the individual layers of paint lay on top of each other more strongly.
With Puddle Pour, each colour is poured onto the canvas one after the other. One colour is taken as the basis, in which all other colours are poured one after the other.
Tree Ring / Swirl
With the Tree Ring or Swirl technique, the paint is carefully applied to the canvas with circular movements, creating a pattern that resembles the tree rings of a tree.
The Swipe technique can be performed alone or together with other Pouring techniques. This technique is used to make the cells more visible or to achieve flowing patterns. To do this, wipe the applied paint with a spatula, damp cloth or kitchen paper.
Unlike the usual Swipe technique, the AirSwipe does not spread the paint with a spatula or kitchen paper, but with the help of air, for example a hairdryer. This is how the most interesting, wildest and most spectacular patterns are created.
The string technique involves draping threads or cords soaked in colour onto the canvas in the desired pattern. Then the threads are drawn outwards over the canvas, where interesting patterns are created by the twists of the cords.
Bottle Bottom Puddle Pour
With the Bottle Bottom Puddle Pour, the individual colours are poured alternately over a suitable, separated base of a PET bottle onto the painting base. The elevations in the base of the bottle create a pattern that resembles a flower or blossom. The resulting pattern can then be further changed according to taste by tilting the canvas.
The Wing Pour is a modified form of the Swirl Pour with the aim to get two mirrored wings as a result. It is a relatively new technique that requires some experience and skill:
An alternative form of Dirty Pour. All colours are put into a funnel standing on the canvas, which is lifted as soon as it is completely filled. Now the colours flow in their own pattern onto the canvas and can be distributed as desired.