Acrylic Pouring is a fascinating fluid painting technique. It is based on acrylic paint, which can be brought into a liquid, pourable consistency with the addition of Pouring Medium and other additives as required. Depending on the technique, this liquefied paint is then poured into each other or tilted onto the canvas and distributed by tilting the painting surface. Depending on the choice of the colour, the medium and the additives, different effects are created.

In this detailed article we show you how Acrylic Pouring works, which techniques are available and which pouring supplies you need.

 

 

 

Acrylic Pouring is Simply Brilliant!

The relatively new art form, which has its origin in the USA and also finds more and more followers in the German-speaking area, is simply brilliant. And these are the reasons:

  • Suitable for beginners: For the acrylic flow technique you don’t need any previous drawing or painting skills. From small to large everyone can indulge in this hobby.
  • Little material needed: You only need a small amount of supplies to start pouring acrylic.
  • Also for busy people: You don’t have to invest half a day for an acrylic pouring artwork, but you can cast a complete picture from half an hour.
  • Fun without end: What speaks above all for acrylic pouring: The high fun factor! It is simply unbelievable fun to mix the different acrylic colours and to create a small work of art without much effort.

 

 

How Does Acrylic Pouring Work?

The main components for the Acrylic Pouring are beside the acrylic paint and a Pouring Medium of course a painting ground. Depending on your needs, you can add further additives such as silicone oil for cell formation and a few auxiliaries and tools.

The acrylic paint is mixed with the pouring medium and provided with further additives such as silicone oil. The consistency must be such that it flows well but is not too thin. Then this colour mixture is poured onto the painting base, tilted or emptied. This depends on the technique and your own taste. The result is an individual work of art that can hardly be reproduced again. There are unbelievable many possibilities, starting from the colour combinations, different acrylic colours from different manufacturers, as well as various additives and of course the techniques.

acrylic pouring pour painting

pour painting acrylic

 

 

The Pouring Medium as an Important Factor

In acrylic painting you use water to dilute your acrylic paints. This works well, but is not recommended for acrylic pouring. Water not only changes the consistency, but also the pigment density and the adhesion of the paint to the painting surface. This means that the colours are lightened and no longer so bright. In addition, drying this diluted mixture is problematic, since cracks can appear in the paint surface due to the rapid evaporation of the water.

In order to avoid these negative consequences of a dilution by water, there are special painting medium, called Pouring Medium in the technical jargon. This pouring medium offers you some advantages:

  • The adhesion on the painting surface is maintained.
  • Despite dilution, the colours remain brilliant
  • The flow behaviour of the colour mixture is positively influenced
  • Cracks during drying can hardly occur any more

 

Therefore we strongly recommend to use a professional or alternative Pouring Medium.

pouring medium

 

 

 

Professional Pouring Medium

The products falling under the category Professional Pouring Medium were specially developed for use with the acrylic flow technique. In addition to the positive properties listed above, these professional products also offer the advantage that your works retain their colour brilliance over many years, as the colours are not attacked by acid or similar substances contained.

Advantages and disadvantages of a professional acrylic medium:

+ Long durability and color balance
+ Improved flow properties
+ No cracking during drying
+ Brilliant colours despite thinning of acrylic colours
– Slightly higher purchase price

 

Recommendations Professional Pouring Medium

We have tested the following products and can recommend them to you without restriction:

Liquitex Pouring Medium, 32oz
Liquitex is known for its high quality artistic products. The Liquitex Pouring Medium is easy to process and dries to a silky shine. Cells form relatively easily. A high-quality medium, which has however also its price. View on Amazon
Decoart Pouring Medium, 64oz
The DecoArt Americana Pouring Medium is relatively new on the market and is comparable to the Liquitex Pouring Medium. For smaller pictures and high-quality results recommendable. View on Amazon
Sargent Art Pouring Medium Acrylic, 32oz
Sargent Art's acrylic medium is very popular and works perfectly for the Acrylic Pouring purpose. You can get this medium at a very good price, so this is a no-brainer. View on Amazon

 

 

The Alternative Pouring Medium

In addition to the professional products developed especially for this purpose, you can also use alternative pouring medium. They work just as well and are often a bit cheaper. However, the durability of your pictures might not be as good. Some of these alternative painting medium contain components such as acid, which can cause the acrylic colors to fade over time. However, there is no knowledge about this at the present time. Therefore, there is currently no reason why they should not be used. In addition, there are many other factors for durability, such as UV light and environmental influences.

The advantages and disadvantages of the alternative Pouring medium:

+ Often cheaper
+ Partly available in larger packaging sizes, ideal for frequent users
– At the moment there is still no long-term experience on the durability of pour paintings created with these products.

 

Recommendations Alternative Pouring Medium

The following alternative pouring mediums are available on the market:

Floetrol Paint Conditioner, 1-Gallon
Floetrol is a very popular alternative casting medium. Very good results with good colour separation can be achieved with it. You will get relatively simply beautiful cells in an Acrylic Pouring pictures. The Pouring Medium Floetrol dries relatively slowly, there is no thick layer on the painting surface - depending on the drying the substrate structure is therefore somewhat visible. The price-performance ratio is right with Floetrol and is known as the best alternative medium for many artists. View on Amazon
Elmers Glue-All Extra Strong, 1-Gal
This all-purpose glue can be processed very well, mixed with sufficient water the perfect pouring consistency can be achieved. Cells are produced reliably, the drying time is two to three days. This glue dries out rather matt, depending on the colour used. The Elmer's glue all therefore offers a very good price-performance ratio. View on Amazon

 

 

Which Mixing Ratio for my Pourings?

Finding the perfect ratio of Pouring Medium and Acrylic needs some practice. Also a general statement about the mixing ratio is not possible, since it depends both on the consistency of the acrylic color, and on that of the pouring medium.

However, we can give you a rule of thumb that always works: Put a part acrylic paint and a part pouring medium in a cup. Mix both for half a minute and then look at the consistency: At the end it should be similar to that of liquid honey. If the consistency is still too thick, you can either add some more medium or some water will work fine. But here the limit is about 30% water on the total volume. Otherwise you will have negative effects and we want to avoid this absolutely. You continue the whole thing until you get the desired consistency.

Viscosity is the key to successful pouring. If it is too thin, your beautiful patterns and cells will run on the canvas. If it is too thick, there are no cells and it is difficult for you to spread the paint.

But once you have found the right consistency, it will be relatively easy to get consistent results in the future. By the way, you can also combine different pouring mediums and develop your own individual recipe.

 

 

 

The Most Important Factor: The Right Pouring Medium

The choice of a suitable pouring medium is the key factor to beautiful cells. Only if the consistency of your Pouring mixture fits, also cells develop.

If you are completely new to Acrylic Pouring, you can also use a PouringSset, which includes most of the basic materials you need for your start into the Pouring Techniqe.

Floetrol Pouring Set
With this set you have a lot of necessary supplies for your first Pour Paintings. View on Amazon

 

 

 

Recipes for a Successful Mixture

When you start to pour, it can be a challenge to get the consistency right. We have therefore developed some basic recipes for you to use as a starting point:

 

Floetrol

1 part acrylic paint
1.5 Parts of painting medium
0.5 Part of distilled water

 

Liquitex Painting Medium

1 part acrylic paint
1.5 Parts of painting medium
0.5 Part of distilled water

 

Vinyl Glue

1 part acrylic paint
1.5 Parts of painting medium
1 part distilled water

You should always first mix the acrylic paint with the pouring medium and then add water and silicone oil.

 

 

 

The Secret of Many, Big Cells in Your Pour Paintings

Creating cells in your pourings is one of the main goals of most techniques. But how do you get these cells into your Pourings?

The addition of silicone creates the desired cells on the acrylic flow technique. But with which silicon-containing product do you get the most cells or the largest cells?

acrylic pouring cells

This is not about mixing in any silicone oil, but about knowing the properties and the connections why one oil produces small cells and the other large cells – or in the stupidest case hardly any cells.

 

acrylic pouring silicone

 

Silicone Oil with Low Viscosity:

  • The lower the viscosity, the larger the cells
  • The paint flows faster
  • There are stronger color gradients
Acrylic Pouring Oil - 100% Silicone
This silicone oil gives you really big cells and with the included pipette you can work very precise. View on Amazon

 

 

Silicone Oil with High Viscosity:

  • High viscosity results in rather smaller, but many cells
  • The color flow is slower
  • There are more clearly defined cells and more color separation

 

We have achieved very good results with the following silicone oil:

Treadmill Silicone Oil
Treadmill is the most used silicone oil for Pouring. It gives you a lot of nice, small to mid-sized cells in your pour paintings. View on Amazon

 

 

 

The Best Painting Grounds for Acrylic Pouring

There are a variety of ways in which they can pour. If you apply any surface with a first layer of acrylic binder and then a primer with Gesso, you can pour on almost any surface.

 

acrylic pouring paintinground

 

 

Canvas

Art Alternatives stretched White Canvas Set
The canvas is probably the most popular painting ground and available in all dimensions. You should make sure that also the sides of the canvas are overpaintable, so the stapling is on the back. For the Begin a favorable canvas set is enough, so you have different canvas sizes to the selection. There are these also square or rectangular. View on Amazon

 

Wooden Painting Boards

Wooden Painting Boards
You can als pour onto wooden painting boards. View on Amazon

 

Gessoboard

Gessobord for Acrylic Pouring, Set
Gessoboards are wooden boards which are preprimed. View on Amazon

 

 

Preparation Work for Your Pour Paint

 

How to prepare your workplace

  • In order to protect your workplace, you should line it with plastic foil
  • Wearing rubber gloves is also recommended
  • You can fill squeeze bottles with required liquids such as silicone oil and distilled water for better handling and dosing
  • If you have any paint stains, it’s worth preparing kitchen paper
  • Work in a room that is as well ventilated as possible

 

Preparing the Painting Ground

If your painting ground is not yet primed, you should use Gesso to pre-treat it. Do the acrylic paint adheres better and does not penetrate into the substrate. Place the canvas in a raised position so that the flowing paint does not stick to the underside. For this purpose you can use used drinking glasses, cups or pinboard pins, which you fix on the backside. Before the actual pouring make sure that the painting ground is aligned in balance. Otherwise it can happen that your picture flows on one side and is destroyed.

 

Prepare Your Other Supplies

Before you start, prepare all the necessary pouring materials and aids:

  • Acrylic paints
  • Pouring Medium
  • Cups or other containers
  • wooden spatula
  • silicone oil
  • (Distilled) Water
  • Painting knife / scraper
  • Torch

 

 

Required Acrylic Pouring Supplies

 

We have put together for you the most important supplies which you need for the different Acrylic Pouring techniques. As a beginner it is not so easy to distinguish between what you need and what you don’t. And with the many different products it’s twice as difficult to keep track of. That’s why we have put together a starter set for you with which you can start pouring right away. Below you find the essential Acrylic Pouring supplies for your beginning:

 

You can find the full list here: Acrylic Pouring Supplies

 

 

Acrylic Pouring Techniques

For the acrylic flow technique there are numerous techniques to obtain breathtaking pictures. We have summarized the most important of them for you:

You can find the full list with all the Pouring Techniques here: Learn how to Fluid Paint

 


 

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