In order to make beautiful resin castings or jewellery with epoxy resin, it is essential to use a good negative mold. These are available in numerous designs to buy. If, however, you want to dare special, individual forms or simply want to build something yourself, then you can make a silicone mold without much effort. In this article we will show you how to make silicone molds for resin yourself.
- 1 Working with epoxy resin
- 2 Why silicone molds are the best choice for resin casting?
- 3 Most important factor for resin molds: Degree of hardness
- 4 How to make silicone molds with template
- 5 How to make silicone molds without template
- 6 Some considerations before you start
- 7 Supplies you need for the production of silicone molds for resin
- 8 How to make silicone molds for resin – Step by step tutorial
- 9 Making two-piece resine silicone molds
- 10 Silicone molds with undercuts
- 11 Valuable tips and tricks
- 12 Inspirations for DIY silicone molds
Working with epoxy resin
For working with epoxy resin, the resin and a corresponding hardener are the basic requirements. Depending on which project you want to devote yourself to, other materials such as different color pigments will be added. Often polished silicone molds are also needed. There are practically no limits to creativity when it comes to shaping: Cubes, balls, pyramids, stars, hearts, flowers, coasters and all kinds of figures. Anything is possible and can be filled with epoxy resin to create beautiful works of art or gifts.
In the form of your choice you give the finished epoxy resin mixture. Either we use the mixture crystal clear, or colored with liquid colors or pigments. You can then add various elements such as glitter, stones, shells, flowers, etc. if you wish. After hardening, carefully remove your finished work from the mold.
Why silicone molds are the best choice for resin casting?
Due to the fact that it acts as a release agent, silicone is ideally suited as a material for casting molds. The finished resin objects can be easily removed from the mold after curing due to the flexibility of the silicone.
Another advantage is that silicone is considered non-toxic. The fact that it is used as a common material in the production of baking molds or even pacifiers proves that this material is completely harmless. In addition, almost no allergies to silicone are known to date.
There is already a very large selection of ready-to-use silicone molds on the market. Especially beginners of this technique can fall back on baking molds made of silicone or polished silicone molds made especially for working with resin.
If you are interested in ready-made silicone molds for epoxy resin casting, here are our recommendations:
- This resin mold kit includes: heart mold, round mold, ellipse mold, rectangle mold, square molds, tweezer, finger cots
- Very suitable for making resin coasters, jewelry holder, flower pot holders, bowl mat etc.
- Made of high-quality silicone, very flexible and durable, the finished product is very shiny and transparency
- Package totally have 18 items
- It includes 1 sphere silicone casting mold, 1 cube silicone resin casting mold, 1 diamond silicone casting mold, 1 triangular pyramid silicone casting mold, 2 silicone casting mold measurement cups, 2 different crystal stone shape resin casting molds, 10 wood sticks
- Are made up of silicone, very flexible and easy to clean and it re-usable, not easily damaged.
However, a disadvantage of many of these silicone molds (especially baking molds) is that the load on the material is extremely high when working with epoxy resin. The first signs of wear, e.g. a dull surface, are quickly visible. As a result, it becomes increasingly difficult to remove the resin from the mold. In addition, as already mentioned, many molds are available. Nevertheless, these are of course predetermined and may limit your own creativity. The solution: You can easily make your own silicone mold!
Most important factor for resin molds: Degree of hardness
The basic material for the production of silicone moulds is silicone rubber. You can get it at your local dealer. Silicone rubber is a soft mass that hardens very quickly and is then extremely elastic. Nevertheless, silicone is not infinitely flexible: If the material is overstretched, it can easily break or crack. The degree of hardness determines the brittleness of the material.
Silicone rubber is available in various degrees of hardness. The degree of hardness of the silicone is indicated in Shore. The rule of thumb here is: the lower the Shore value, the higher the elasticity.
- Shore 0 to 20: Soft material with a very high flexibility. However, this material is also relatively unstable.
- Shore 20 to 40: Quite dimensionally stable material with medium elasticity.
- Shore 40 to 80: The material is quite hard and hardly elastic. It is very dimensionally stable, but also slightly brittle.
The degree of hardness you should choose for your project depends on what you want to use the silicone for. You may also find it easier to work with one degree of hardness than with another. You can only try it out.
Basically, soft silicone has the advantage that you can easily remove your finished work from the mold after it has hardened. However, the form is also very unstable at a low degree of hardness and deforms relatively quickly. In this respect, silicone molds with a higher Shore value are of course more difficult to handle, as the casting is not so easy to remove. In addition, care must be taken that they do not break or tear during release. If treated carefully, however, they can be used very often because of their high dimensional stability. Because they practically do not deform at all.
In addition to the degree of hardness, the viscosity of the silicone also plays a role in the selection. Depending on the project, you can choose between thick or thin silicone rubber.
If you want to make chocolate or baking molds with the silicone, you must make sure that the material used is food safe and heat resistant. A heat resistance up to 200 ° C should be given.
If you want to work with epoxy resin, concrete or other chemical casting materials, you should first make sure that the silicone you use is resistant to chemicals.
If you are not sure whether your silicone meets your requirements, read the manufacturer’s data sheet or contact your dealer for advice.
If you want to make your own silicone molds, you can choose between two options: A negative mold with original mold or a negative mold without original mold. We would like to explain the differences between these two variants in more detail below.
How to make silicone molds with template
The negative muld with original mold is perfectly suited for the production of a duplicate. For such a project you need a frame. This ensures that the silicone does not spread uncontrollably after pouring in. If you want to build the frame yourself, orient yourself to the dimensions of the object you want to reproduce. Since silicone is quite expensive, this procedure makes sense in order not to consume unnecessarily much of the material. Your self-made frame has to be absolutely tight. This is the only way to ensure that the silicone does not flow out into possible cracks or underneath edges during pouring. Instead of using a frame, you can also use empty plastic packaging to pour in the resin.
Now you can place the blank in the frame and prepare the silicone. As always, you should follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully. Then spread the mixture evenly in the frame and let it harden. The mold can then simply be removed from the frame.
How to make silicone molds without template
To make the silicone formable for this type of processing, pour the mixture into a bowl containing a mixture of water and detergent. Then enclose the prepared blank with the now flexible silicone. Make sure to use sufficient mass. If you are too sparing with the silicone at this point, your mold will later become brittle and unstable.
If you want to make a silicone mold in this way, don’t forget that the mold must have an opening at the end through which the object can be removed. Alternatively, the mold can be cut open at one point after hardening.
Bilder: Van Rossen / JLORTIZ / shutterstock.com
Some considerations before you start
Before you start casting the mold, you should think about your project. For example, the choice of the right silicone mass depends on the nature of the blank. The following considerations should be made in advance:
- What is the surface of the blank like? Is it very smooth or does it have grooves, edges or ornaments? This is important in order to decide on the optimum hardness of the silicone. If the surface of the blank is irregular, you should use a soft Sillkon so that the resin casting can be removed from the mold later. With a simpler blank, a silicone with a higher degree of hardness also works.
- How big and heavy is the blank? With which material should the mold later be poured? These considerations are also important when choosing the right degree of hardness. If you have prematurely decided on a soft material, problems with the stability during the subsequent pouring of the mold are quite possible.
In order to be able to make silicone molds yourself, it does not necessarily have to be the expensive special silicone. It is also possible to use bathroom silicone, which is much cheaper to buy. Especially for beginners it offers itself to reach to this economical alternative. So you don’t get annoyed about unsuccessful, expensive attempts. When using bathroom silicone, however, you should be aware that you can only use it to make simple silicone molds. Filigree, detailed illustrations will not work.
Supplies you need for the production of silicone molds for resin
If you want to make a silicone mold yourself, the type of your project determines the exact material requirements. The following list is based on a negative mold with an original mold:
- mixing cup
- wooden mixing sticks
- Silicone Spray
- talcum powder
- Carpet knife
- Cotton swab or toothpick
- the item to be reproduced
It is extremely important that very little or no silicone runs out of the frame during the pouring process. Therefore, with the help of the toothpick or cotton swab, all joints are closed with the modelling compound and the frame is sealed as well as possible.
How to make silicone molds for resin – Step by step tutorial
At first glance, it probably sounds very difficult to make silicone molds. With our step-by-step-tutorial it will be no problem even for you as a beginner to make a successful negative mold.
Construction of the frame
- The frame into which the silicone is to be cast must be sealed as well as possible so that no material leaks out later due to possible cracks. In addition, the frame must completely enclose the blank.
- The base plate of the prototype should be smooth. All smooth materials except glass are suitable for this purpose. This would not repel the silicone and thus the later release without damaging the silicone would be practically impossible. The best way is to use a smooth MDF board. Smoothly planed wood is also very suitable for the four side walls that enclose the base plate. Now glue the sides to the base plate using a hot glue gun. These side walls should protrude your blank by about ten millimetres. The joints of the mold should be thoroughly sealed with modelling compound. Cotton swabs or toothpicks are suitable for smoothing the compound.
- When the frame is finished, place the blank in it. The side to be pictured must point upwards. The object can be attached to the base plate with some double-sided adhesive tape or a drop of hot glue. Fix the blank well enough so that it cannot slip when you fill in the silicone mass.
Mixing the silicone
- After you have weighed the required amount of silicone you mix the two components in a ratio of 1:1. For mixing you use a mixing cup and a wooden spatula. Be careful not to waste too much silicone. For this you can either calculate the volume or the approximate need with the help of a measuring stick.
- It’s a good idea to mix several small portions instead of one large portion of silicone. These can be mixed more easily without clumping. Since silicone is very tough, it is almost impossible to stir a very large amount of it. So it is better to split the silicone by using several small cups.
- To loosen the bubbles in the mass you can knock the cups several times with the bottom on the tabletop after mixing. Before pouring the silicone into the frame you should wait a few minutes. This is the only way that any air can really escape from the mass.
- If you have chosen wood as the material for building the frame, it must be thoroughly sprayed with release agent before pouring in the silicone. Alternatively, you can also coat the frame with oil. But beware: Not all oils are compatible with silicone and may attack the surface of the material.
- Therefore, you should observe the manufacturer’s instructions in advance.
- Now the silicone mass can be poured over the blank into the frame.
Pouring the silicone into a large object with a smooth surface is quite easy. Here the liquid silicone is poured slowly from relatively large height over the blank. Make sure that it is completely enclosed with the mass.
- In the case of a blank with many edges, corners, angles or cracks, these must be poured out first. This works best with a very thin silicone jet. Then you can frame the rest of the silicone. This procedure guarantees that all details are visible in the later illustration.
- The frame is then filled with the remaining mass until it protrudes about five millimetres above the object.
- Finally, the air bubbles should be removed from the molded silicone. To do this, carefully tap all four sides of the frame so that the air can escape. Then you can let your mold harden.
Removing the finished silicone casting mold
- The curing time of the silicone mold depends on the silicone used and its size. It can vary between one and 24 hours. If you want to check if the silicone is completely cured, you can gently press it into the mold with a finger. If you notice that the mass has hardened, the silicone mold is now released from the frame. If it has been thoroughly treated with mold release agent or oil, this is usually no problem. For the final straightening of the edge, it is best to use scissors, a carpet knife or a scalpel.
- In order to keep the silicone supple and to maintain it, you can rub it with talcum powder after releasing it from the frame and after each use.
Making two-piece resine silicone molds
For resin casting, double-layer molds are of course super suitable. When working with epoxy resin, impressive, three-dimensional objects can be created, into which various materials such as stones, flowers or other objects can be cast.
But also for model builders two-part forms are of course very interesting, because they can produce different objects. With two-part silicone moulds parts of different sizes and different materials can be combined without problems. With materials such as concrete or plaster, house facades, gates or bridge pillars can be created, which can be beautifully painted and decorated after hardening.
In addition to the materials already listed above for a simple mold, you will also need some modelling clay for two-part molds. With this you fill up the frame halfway. The surface must then be smoothed and the corners well lined.
Now press half of the blank into the clay and fill the silicone into the frame. After hardening, the dough and the silicone mold are removed. The finished silicone mold is placed directly back into the frame. The blank is then placed in the previously made recess. In order to be able to separate the mold halves well from each other later on, you must now spread out the mold with Vaseline before pouring liquid silicone into the frame again. This silicone compound must also harden well.
Silicone molds with undercuts
Silicone molds with so-called undercuts can be a particular challenge. Blanks with undercuts have clearly visible, protruding corners and edges that can get in the way when they are removed from the mold. If these undercuts are relatively small and you are using soft silicone (Shore 0 to 20), these edges should not cause any major problems. A little more tricky will be the case with larger undercuts. In this case it is advisable to make a two piece or even multi piece mold. You should decide in any case for the flexible soft silicone rubber and pay meticulous attention when removing the object that it is not overstretched.
If it is not possible to remove the blank in the normal way, you can cut the silicone mold at one edge and then remove the blank. The resulting cut can then be closed by attaching some very tight rubbers to the mold. This makes it very easy to remove the cast part from the negative mold later.
Valuable tips and tricks
- If it is too expensive for you to build a wooden frame in advance, then there is a very simple alternative. Take a base plate made of smooth planed wood and then place a frame made of Lego bricks which you glue to the plate. With this you are absolutely flexible in size and shape. When sealing and later pouring in the silicone you proceed in the same way as with a wooden frame.
- The optimal room temperature for drying silicone is between 18° and 22° C. If the temperature is higher, the material may clump because it dries too quickly. If the room temperature is lower than 18° C, the drying process is unnecessarily prolonged.
- Another little trick if you are unsure how much silicone you actually need: Build the wooden frame as described and fix your blank to the base plate. Now fill the mold with rice until it is about one centimetre higher than the object. Since the weight of the rice corresponds approximately to the required amount of silicone, you only have to weigh it now.
- An important tip at the end: In order not to lose the joy of your project at the beginning, first plan a relatively simple form and take your time for the implementation. Gradually you can increase the level of difficulty.
Inspirations for DIY silicone molds
Even if you don’t have too much experience in making silicone molds yet, you can still dare to make small pieces of jewellery. There are no limits to your creativity. Pendants in various shapes made of epoxy resin and embedded materials are real eye-catchers.
If your child is fascinated by your favourite piece of jewellery, you can create a beautiful duplicate with sparkling extras such as glitter particles.
If you are already a little more experienced in casting molds, take up the challenge of a self-cast chess game made of epoxy resin. A unique gift idea for chess lovers, where the high effort pays off in the end.
Common silicone molds are easily available on the market. If, however, you want to let off steam and create a truly unique piece, you can’t avoid making a DIY silicone mold. Just give it a try – with our tutorial nothing can go wrong 🙂
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